Nutrition and diabetes, that are prohibited and permitted products,

Studying in medical major theme of "Nutrition and diabetes", it is important for you to know what are the foods that are forbidden to a diabetic, already at an early stage of the disease, and that, on the contrary, it is recommended to ensure a long period of remission. If you can limit the split of the energy and strictly to the prescribed interventions and diet, you can not be afraid of the extremely undesirable spikes in blood sugar. Medical diet for diabetics is adjusted individually, it is part of a comprehensive treatment of this dangerous disease, chronic.

Diabetes

What is the risk of diabetes

It is an incurable illness that is considered to be one with extensive pathology of the endocrine system, where this causes system of the complications of the body. The main aim of treatment is effective in the control of the contents of a glucose in a blood drug methods of time normalization of fat and carbohydrate exchange. In the latter case, it is the nutrition, which, after a detailed diagnosis, and a series of laboratory studies, the physician prescribes. The diet of the diabetic should be the rule of the day, since it contributes for the full exchange of chemicals.

The diet in diabetes

For patients with excess weight if you fall into the at-risk group, it is important, therefore, in a timely manner to control body weight, avoidance of obesity. If it is a question of nutrition is already in the patient with diabetes, the servings must be small, but the number of meals, it is desirable to increase up to 5 – 6. By altering your daily diet, it is important to protect the vessels from destruction, the reset of the 10% of his or her actual weight. Welcome to the presence, in the menu, vitamin-rich ingredients, and it is the excess intake of salt and sugar, you'll have to forget about it. The patient will have to get back to a healthy diet.

The general principles of food

The progressive obesity of a person is of the abdominal type, adjusted to a therapeutic energy. When you design the diet, the doctor is led to the patient's age, sex, category, weight, and physical activity. The issue of food a diabetic, you must consult with your endocrinologist, to pass through a series of laboratory studies to determine the hormonal and the violation of this right. Here is a memo from the knowledgeable experts:

The diet
  1. A strict diet, and a hunger strike is counter-indicated; otherwise, the rate of sugar in the blood pathologically disturbed.
  2. The core size of the power supply is the "bread unit", and as part of the diet aims to steer the data in the tables is specific to a male.
  3. The hotel serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner you shall be responsible for about 75% of the total volume of the diet, with the remaining 25% can be found in the snacks during the day.
  4. The preference of the alternative products should match the calorie content, the proportions of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
  5. As a major form of cooking in diabetes, it is best to use the mould, baking, or fermenting.
  6. It is important to avoid preparing dishes with the use of vegetable fats to limit the amount of calories in the food.
  7. The post to exclude the presence of a daily supply of candy, otherwise, in order to achieve an acceptable level of glucose you will need to use hypoglycemic drugs.

The mode of the power supply

The food for diabetic patients and reflects the internal state of the patient's health. Therefore, it is important to get in the way, and without breaking it, to prevent the extremely poor from a relapse. Your daily diet must be a multi-step, and the number of meals available reaches 5 – 6. Eating in is recommended, based on the predominant mass of the body, and the need to reduce the amount of calories of the food. The doctor's recommendations are as follows:

  • the weight of a normal– 1 600 – 2 500 calories per day;
  • when you exceed your normal body mass— 1 300 – 1 500 calories per day;
  • the obesity of the degree of 600 to 900 kilocalories per day.
jelly

Diabetic supplies

A diabetic should be eating is not only delicious, but also to be beneficial to one's health. Below is the list of approved food ingredients that support the effective rate of sugar in the blood, when it really extends the period of remission of the underlying disease. So far:

The title of the food

Use for diabetic patients

berry's (all of them except the raspberry)

they contain minerals, anti-oxidants, vitamins, and fiber.

nuts

they are a source of healthy fats, but high in calories

no sugar in the fruits such as the presence of the sweet forbidden fruit)

to have a positive impact on the heart and blood vessels, the fiber actually slows down the process of suction of glucose in the blood.

low-fat milk

an inexhaustible source of calcium, which is essential for the bones.

every cup of natural

normalize the micro flora in the intestine and help cleanse the body of toxins.

What kind of meat do you have diabetes

Diet for diabetic patients, provides home-grown food, and eliminating the use of preservatives in products and semi-finished products. This is the case for the cuts, the choice of which should be used with extreme selectivity. It is important to take into account the composition of the sausage, and the level of glycemic index. The favorite in the diabetes, stay baked, and sausages of different brands on the indicator, ranging from 0 to 34 units.

Products are prohibited for diabetics

It is very important not to exceed the daily rate of calories, otherwise, it will progress to a form of obesity, as well as the level of glucose in the blood, pathologically increased. In addition to this, the specialists provides a range of locks, from the food that you want to delete from your routine in the diabetes. This is for the following reasons:

Forbidden foods

The damage to the health of a diabetic

the Iran-containing products

contributing to the increase in the level of glucose accumulated.

the fatty acids in the meat of the

increase in the concentration of cholesterol, harmful blood.

salted and pickled vegetables

to violate the zones of salt and water balance.

from cereals, semolina, pasta

to reduce the permeability of the vascular walls.

the first few ingredients of

hold on to excess fat.

oily skin, milk and milk products, for example, in the bold, cream cheese, sour cream, cream of milk

increase in the concentration of serum lipids, the rate of glucose in the blood.

Nutrition and type 2 diabetes

Which can be replaced with products that are prohibited from the food

In order to conserve the taste of the food intake need to it is recommended to choose the alternative of the ingredients in the food. For example, it is advisable to substitute honey instead of manna to eat in the coffee shop in the morning, wheat and oats. In this case, it is not just a matter of replacing the cereals and goods that may be prohibited for the power to evict for the following reasons:

  • in the grape, it is advisable to replace it with the apples;
  • tomato ketchup – tomato paste;
  • ice cream, fruit jelly;
  • soft drinks – mineral water;
  • chicken soup chicken – lemon soup.

Techniques for the processing of products for diabetics

Pan-fried and canned food for diabetic patients, it is best not to drink it because of the likelihood of dangerous re-offending. Healthy food should be low in fat, leaner. From the techniques allowed for treatment, the doctors recommend the situation, dying of the treatment in their own juice. Thus, the food retains the most useful, and to eliminate the undesired formation of cholesterol is harmful.

Menu for a diabetic

Obesity, in a measure, it is necessary to eat properly; otherwise, the number of seizures from diabetes will only increase. In addition to the restriction of carbohydrates, it is important to keep an eye on the total calories of the food. The rest of the recommendations, and features a daily menu displayed in the following:

  1. Alcohol, and vegetable fats and oils and sweets are consumed infrequently, and it is better not to exclude from the daily menu.
  2. It is approved for use in dairy products, lean cuts of meat and poultry, beans, nuts, eggs, and fish, in quantities of no more than 2 to 3 servings per day.
  3. The fruits are allowed to eat 2 to 4 servings, and then as the vegetables you can eat for a day, for up to 3 to 5 servings.
  4. The rules of nutrition therapy, which include bread and cereals, with the more concise the content of the fibers, which can be used for up to 11 servings a day.

The menu for the week, to treat patients with diabetes

The daily diet of a diabetic should be a useful and diverse, it is important to allocate it appropriately, the proportions of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. For example, sources of plant protein are in the bread, cereal, kidney beans, lima beans, kidney beans, soybeans. Permitted to to to patients with diabetes, carbohydrate is the predominant within and without the addition of sugar to fruit. The sample of the patient is shown below:

  1. Monday: breakfast: lower-fat cottage cheese, dinner – soup, pickled cabbage, for dinner, grilled fish.
  2. Tuesday: breakfast – buckwheat porridge in low fat milk lunch – a fish-a-couple dinner – no sugar-and fresh fruit salad.
  3. Wednesday: breakfast – cheese on a casserole, for lunch – cabbage soup, dinner, soup or vegetables, steam pork.
  4. Thursday: breakfast: wheat, milk, cereal, lunch – fish soup for the evening meal and the vegetables in the steamer.
  5. Friday: breakfast – porridge, lunch – soup of cabbage for a dinner – salad from vegetables with the chicken in cooked through.
  6. Saturday: breakfast – buckwheat porridge with liver, for a lunch of vegetable stew for dinner – steamed vegetables.
  7. Sunday: breakfast, cheesecakes, a delicious vegetarian soup-for-dinner – baked squid or shrimp in the steamer.
The juices from the fruit

Nutrition and type 2 diabetes

With this condition, doctors recommend to eat in a diet to work, (9), which provides for careful control of the proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Here are some of the basic principles of diet therapy for the patient, it should be clearly adhere to all of the diabetic patients according to type:

  • the amount of energy in day-to-day supply shall be 2,400 calories;
  • you will need to replace the products with a simple to complex carbohydrates;
  • limit daily salt intake to 6 g per day;
  • remove from your diet, the ingredients for the foods that are rich in cholesterol which is harmful;
  • to increase the amount of fiber, vitamins C and group B.

The products that are allowed in type-2 diabetes

the name of the product category of the food

name of novel food ingredient

the berries

all kinds of red currants, blueberry, gooseberry

citrus fruits

grapefruit, lemon

defatted dairy products

the cream, the yogurt, the milk is sour

the fast and the flesh of

lamb, chicken, rabbit, beef, and veal

drink

fruit juices, coffee, tea

the Saarasubstitutes

cereal

buckwheat, grain, oat

Diet for type 2 diabetes in a week

The diet when you have diabetes, you should be in divided doses, with a minimal consumption of salt and spices. In addition to this, it is important to look at the scheme, to drink 1.5 l of fluid for free. The following are the recommendations of the menu, helpful, and useful recipes for every day:

  1. Monday-Friday: breakfast: oatmeal and tea without sugar lunch: soup in a beef broth, the dinner, cabbage, pork.
  2. Tuesday: breakfast - low-fat cottage cheese with dried apricots lunch – a stew of cabbage, with the fast cooking of the meat for the dinner: kefir with a meal of a loaf of bread.
  3. Wednesday: breakfast: barley porridge lunch: soup of vegetables, and a dinner of sauerkraut, schnitzel, cranberry juice.
  4. Thursday: breakfast: buckwheat porridge, lunch – soup, fish, dinner, fish cakes, with egg.
  5. Friday: breakfast: salad from cabbage, a lunch of stew with vegetables, chicken, dinner, cheese on a frying pan.
  6. Saturday: breakfast – the omelette-protein, vegetarian lunch: soup, dinner – pumpkin and rice porridge.
  7. Sunday: breakfast, lunch, a souffle cheese, cottage, lunch – soup, beans, and a dinner party – barley porridge with eggplant caviar.