Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. In this disease, pancreatic enzymes damage the pancreatic tissue itself. acute pancreatitis requires immediate treatment, and chronic pancreatitis requires regular maintenance therapy. The main link in the list of such measures is the therapeutic diet. Its main goal is to prevent excessive production of pancreatic enzymes by reducing the mechanical and chemical effects on the digestive organs.

steamed fish with vegetables for pancreatitis

General dietary rules

The success of a therapeutic diet depends not only on the selection of the right diet, but also on adherence to simple rules:

  • avoid overeating. With a therapeutic diet, it is important to eat until full, but at the same time not allow the stomach to overflow;
  • fractional meals (5-6 times a day). It is important to eat evenly and follow a clear schedule. Never go hungry all day and eat large portions at one time. The diet must be divided into small portions, so the body absorbs food better, and the patient feels full throughout the day.
  • the exception of dishes that are too cold or hot. Cooked food should be slightly warmer than room temperature;
  • cooking in a certain way. With pancreatitis, solid foods and dishes with fried crusts are excluded. It is better to give preference to foods that are grated or cooked well, as well as those that are liquid and jelly -like. Also, instead of fried foods, you should eat boiled, baked or steamed.

What is recommended to avoid

Foods that are prohibited for pancreatitis include those that are difficult and long to digest, as well as strongly irritate the digestive tract and, therefore, the pancreas:

  • rich meat, fish and mushroom soups and stews;
  • smoked sausages and smoked products in general;
  • canned foods and marinades;
  • pastries and fresh bread;
  • spinach, sorrel, garlic, radish, radish;
  • raw vegetables;
  • vinegar, mustard, pepper;
  • hot and spicy sauces and seasonings;
  • strong alcohol, tea and coffee.

Such a list is general, it can be expanded due to body characteristics, course of the disease, form of pancreatitis (acute or chronic in remission), as well as age and nutritional status of the patient.

What is recommended to eat

Despite the fact that the therapeutic diet for pancreatitis has a large number of prohibitions, the permitted food diet is very diverse:

  • low -fat types of meat and poultry, while before use they are cleaned of skin and remove tendons. It is recommended to make quenelles, cutlets and mashed potatoes, sometimes low-fat chicken is allowed in a small piece;
  • Skinny fish. Boiled, steamed, in the form of slices and soufflés;
  • dry bread made from premium flour, biscuits without bread;
  • vegetarian soups and broths with pure vegetables, mashed vegetable soups, soups with boiled cereals (semolina, rice, hercules) or finely chopped vegetables (potatoes, pumpkin, carrots);
  • dishes of low -fat cottage cheese and non -acidic curds (souffles, puddings, steamed cheesecakes, etc. ), milk - only as part of ready meals, low -fat sour milk drinks;
  • steam or baked protein omelets, the use of egg yolks is allowed - no more than 1 pc. in a day;
  • cereals with milk and water, some cereals (semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal and oatmeal), boiled vermicelli are allowed;
  • only ready-made vegetables (steamed, boiled or baked): potatoes, cauliflower, beets and carrots;
  • ripe fruits in baked, boiled form, as well as in kisses, mousses and jellies;
  • weak tea with lemon, juice from sweet fruits and berries, decoction of rosehip.